This would be a little more approachable with an easily browseable palette.
So I made a 'webscraper' (it reads saved wikipedia HTML and outputs a .GPL file.)
Source is here
Output is here
-- in the same order as shown in Wikipedia, ie. alphabetical.
I also used GPick to make a few sorted versions:(hue, luminance) sorted(luminance, hue) sorted
Screenshots, which I guess you can eyedrop from:123
Also, here are some compact images (wiki color list is 1159 items long, which equals 19*61 px):
Obviously if you wanted to be able to name which colors you had picked, you'd need to search the wiki pages (probably using the hex code, since that is clearly displayed.)